Natural History of the White - Inyo Range,
Eastern California and Western Nevada
and High Altitude Physiology

editors: Clarance A. Hall and Donna M. Young

University of California White Mountain Research Station
Symposium Volume 1

Frontispiece (aerial photo)

Title page, Acknowledgements, and Preface by Clarence A. Hall

1. The spectrum of cosmic background radiation: early and recent measurements from the White Mountain Research Station
George F. Smoot ………… 1

2. Lower Cambrian stratigraphic paleontology of the White-Inyo Mountains of eastern California and Esmeralda County, Nevada
Philip W. Signor and Jeffery F. Mount ……….. 6

3. The record of the Cambrian radiation even in the White-Inyo region, eastern California and western Nevada.
Philip W. Signor and Jeffery F. Mount ………… 16

4. Metamorphism in the Cambrian Campito Formation, White-Inyo Mountains, California.
Veronique Robigou ………… 27

5. Stratigraphy and paleogeographic significance of the Mesozoic metasedimentary rocks, northern White mountains, California
R. Brooks Hanson ……….. 37

6. Quaternary dynamics of the White Mountains.
Deborah L. Elliott-Fisk ………. 47

7. Current status of the White Mountain Flora
James D. Morefield ………… 51

8. Life history patterns and population dynamics of alpine gentians (Geniana spp.), White Mountains, California
Timothy P. Spira …………58

9. Relict tree populations in the White Mountains
Deborah L. Elliott-Fisk ………..64

10. Chemical investigations of the natural hybridization among pines of the estern California mountains
Eugene Zavarin, Karel Snajberk, and Richard Dodd ………. 68

11. A preliminary cladistic analysis of the Balfourianae pines
Michael D. Rourke ……….. 77

12. Use of remote sensing techniques in the analysis of semi-arid shrub communities
Susan L. Ustin, Barrett N. Rock, and Roy A Woodward …84

13. Distribution of phenolglycosides in willow (Salix spp.) leaves
Johathan M. Horn …. 99

14. Chemical ecology of willows, leaf beetles, and predators: adaptation along an elevation gradient in the eastern Sierra Nevada
John Smiley ………. 106

15. Ovipositional choice of Malacosoma californicum fragile, a subspecies of western tent caterpillar
William P. Weaver, Jr. ………. 114

16. The biogeography of a herpetofaunal transition between the Great Basin and Mojave deserts
J. Robert Macey ………. 119

17. Amphibian and reptile diversity along elevational transects in the White-Inyo Range
Theodore J. Papenfuss ……….. 129

18. Richness and distribution of montane avifaunas in the White-Inyo region, California
Ned K. Johnson and Carla Cicero ……….137

19. American Kestrel foraging behavior in the California White Mountains
Annette Hoffmann ……………160

20. The social organization of the Brown-headed Cowbird in the Owens Valley, California
David Yokel ………… 164

21. Foraging patterns of alpine hibernators
Hannah V. Carey ………… 173

22. Bighorn Sheep in the White Mountains: past and recent history
John D. Wehausen ……….. 180

23. The influence of high altitude on the hatching of chicken eggs
Emerson L. Besch, Arthur H. Smith, and Russell R. Burton …183

24. Metabolic and endocrine changes at hight altitude
F. Duane Blume …….. 187

25. Comparative hematology of high-altitude poikilotherms (fish) and homeotherms (chickens)
Russell R. Burton ……….. 193

26. Physiological correlates of hemoglobin polymorphisms in Peromyscus maniculatus : is there evidence for adaptation?
Mark A. Chappell ………… 203

27. Avian gas exchange in hypoxia at sea level and high altitude
Frank L. Powell, Hashim Shams, and Steven C. Hempleman ..211

28. Effects of hypoxia on brain monoamines and serum hormones in rats
Jizeng Du and Paola S. Timiras ……… 216

29. Field Trip – Road Logs A, B, C
Clemens A. Nelson, Mary DeDecker, and James D. Morefield